Tax Glossary

Autumn Budget

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Last updated on:
March 17, 2024

The Autumn Budget is an annual fiscal announcement made by the Chancellor of the Exchequer to the UK Parliament. It outlines the government's plans for taxation and public spending. Scheduled to occur between September and November, the event takes place within the iconic setting of the House of Commons.

Following the Chancellor's presentation, the opposition leader responds, initiating approximately four days of parliamentary debate on the budget's content and implications.

Impact of the Autumn Budget

For individuals on a PAYE (Pay As You Earn) system, the Autumn Budget holds significant relevance as it often introduces tax adjustments and economic measures that could directly influence one’s financial well-being. Key areas typically addressed include:

  • Availability of 5% mortgage options
  • Initiatives like Help to Buy ISAs
  • Adjustments to tax bands
  • Strategies aimed at environmental sustainability, including measures to cut carbon emissions
  • Alterations to fuel taxation

For Non-PAYE Individuals

The self-employed and those with untaxed income, requiring submission through a tax return, should also closely monitor the Autumn Budget. It can bring changes affecting deductible expenses and overall tax liabilities.

Frequency and Context

The Autumn Budget is one of two pivotal financial disclosures presented in a fiscal year, with its counterpart, the spring statement, occurring in the first half of the year. These announcements are instrumental in shaping personal and business tax landscapes alike. The latest spring statement was delivered on 15th March 2023, introducing a series of fiscal adjustments.

The Tradition of the Red Bag

A distinctive feature of the budget announcement is its delivery in a red leather briefcase—a tradition surpassing 150 years. Originating from the French word "bougette" meaning "little bag," this practice underscores the ceremonial aspect of the budget presentation, a gesture maintained purely for its historical significance.

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