Tax Glossary

Council Tax

White Arrow
Last updated on:
March 17, 2024

Council tax is a local taxation system in the UK aimed at funding various community services provided by local councils, such as waste collection, recycling, and social services. The amount you owe depends on the valuation band of your property, determined by its size, location, and its assessed value in 1991.

Council Tax Bands and Property Values

Properties are classified into bands (A-H) based on their value in 1991. The bands range from properties valued up to £40,000 (Band A) to those valued at more than £320,000 (Band H). Your council tax rate is fixed according to your property's assigned band.

Factors Influencing Your Council Tax Bill

Your council tax bill can change due to several reasons, such as:

  • Structural changes to your property.
  • Conversion of properties (e.g., from flats to a single house).
  • Significant local area developments.
  • Changes in property usage, such as starting or stopping work from home.
  • Reassessment of similar properties in your area leading to band adjustments.

Council Tax Rebate

To alleviate the cost of living, the government has introduced a one-time £150 council tax rebate for households in bands A-D starting April 2022.

Claiming Council Tax for the Self-Employed

If you're self-employed and work from home, you can claim a portion of your council tax as a business expense. The claimable amount is typically based on the proportion of your home used for business purposes and the amount of time you spend working from home.

Example of Claiming Council Tax:

  • If your flat has three rooms and one is used exclusively for work (e.g., as a home office), you may claim up to one-third of your council tax against your annual Self Assessment tax bill.

Alternatively, if you work from home more than 25 hours per month, consider using HMRC’s simplified expenses system, also known as the "Home Office Allowance." This method streamlines the process of claiming for home office expenses, including a portion of your council tax, based on fixed rates rather than calculating specific portions of household expenses.


Understanding your council tax obligations and potential claims is crucial for effectively managing your finances, especially for the self-employed who work from home. By accurately assessing the portion of council tax attributable to business use, self-employed individuals can ensure they're not overpaying and are maximizing their eligible deductions. Always consult the latest guidance or a tax professional for advice tailored to your specific situation.

By clicking “Accept”, you agree to the storing of cookies on your device to enhance site navigation, analyse site usage, and assist in our marketing efforts. View our Privacy Policy for more information.

Arrange your free initial consultation today.

Book Free Consultation
UK's best rated accountant 2021
Rated Excellent
5 Stars
on Trustpilot