Tax Glossary

Private Residence Relief

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Last updated on:
March 17, 2024

Private Residence Relief offers homeowners a valuable exemption from Capital Gains Tax (CGT) when they sell their primary residence. To benefit from this relief, certain conditions must be met, ensuring the property has been more than just an investment but a true home.

Eligibility Criteria for Private Residence Relief

To qualify for Private Residence Relief, the following criteria must be satisfied:

  • Exclusive Use as a Residence: The property must have been your primary home throughout your ownership period.
  • Limited Rental Activity: Renting out part of your home doesn't automatically disqualify you from receiving this relief. However, substantial rental activity beyond a single tenant may impact eligibility.
  • Non-commercial Use: The property shouldn't have been used primarily for business purposes.
  • Property Size: The grounds, including the home, should not exceed an acre, aligning with typical residential property sizes.
  • Investment Intent: You must not have purchased the property solely with the intention of making a profit through its sale.

How to Claim Private Residence Relief

One of the benefits of Private Residence Relief is its automatic application. If your property sale meets the above criteria, you're exempt from paying CGT on the profit from the sale, meaning the entire gain could be tax-free.

However, it's important to maintain thorough records of your property's use during your ownership. In case of queries from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC), having documentation can support your claim to this relief.

Situations Impacting Private Residence Relief

  • Partial Qualification: If you only meet some of the criteria for a portion of your ownership period or if the property's use changes, the relief may be adjusted accordingly.
  • Letting Relief Changes: Recent adjustments in tax law have modified how letting relief works in conjunction with Private Residence Relief, potentially affecting those who have rented out their property for significant periods.

In conclusion, Private Residence Relief provides a significant benefit to those selling their primary residence in the UK. Understanding and meeting the eligibility criteria ensure that homeowners can take full advantage of this relief, potentially saving thousands in CGT.

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