Tax Glossary

Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT)

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Last updated on:
March 17, 2024

Stamp Duty Land Tax is a crucial tax for those purchasing property in England or Northern Ireland, marking an important milestone in the buying process. Specifically, SDLT becomes applicable for property purchases over £250,000, impacting both outright buyers and those securing properties through mortgages.

Understanding Stamp Duty

SDLT is levied on the purchase of houses, flats, and other land and properties. It is a tiered tax, meaning the amount you owe increases with the price of the property you're buying.

SDLT Rates Breakdown

  • Properties up to £250,000: 0% rate, offering relief for more affordable housing options.
  • £250,001 to £925,000: SDLT rate jumps to 5%, marking the entry point for most residential property transactions.
  • £925,001 to £1.5 million: The rate increases to 10%, reflecting the higher value of the property.
  • Above £1.5 million: Properties in this bracket attract a 12% SDLT rate, aimed at the luxury property market.

First-Time Buyer's Advantage

First-time buyers enjoy specific reliefs to make homeownership more accessible:

  • Properties up to £425,000: No SDLT payment required, providing a significant incentive.
  • Properties up to £625,000: No SDLT on the first £425,000, with normal rates applying thereafter.
  • Above £625,000: Unfortunately, first-time buyers lose access to SDLT relief, facing standard rates.

SDLT is a key consideration in the financial planning of purchasing a home, especially for first-time buyers looking to maximise their savings.

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